What is ABA?

ABA Programming Home, School, and Center-Based

Solutions Behavioral Consulting offers home, school, and center-based Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) programming to meet the individualized needs of your child. Comprehensive programming is developed with consideration given to ETR results, IEP goals, parent/family interviews, assessments provided from therapies such as speech, OT, or PT, as well as additional assessments performed by your BCBA consultant.

ABA programs are comprehensive in nature and include building skills in areas such as receptive language, expressive language, fine motor, gross motor, self-help areas, play skills, social abilities, academics. All of our Consultants at Solutions are certified by the Behavior Analyst Certification Board (BACB) as either BCBA’s or BCaBA’s. In addition, all BCBAs are dually certified by the Ohio State Board of Psychology as Certified Ohio Behavior Analysts. BCBAs provide behavioral consultation for your child and team of behavior technicians for approximately 6-8 hours per month.

Discrete Trial Teaching

Discrete trial training (DTT) is one of many ABA teaching strategies. Discrete trial teaching, used across environments, enables the learner to acquire complex skills and behaviors by mastering and generalizing skills that have been broken down into their smallest parts. Discrete trial teaching is a systematic method of instructing students using a series of discrete trials in a fast-past manner. Targets or skills are presented repetitively to allow for intensive repeated practice of correct responses.

For example, when teaching a child to identify colors one color is targeted at a time. The student is asked to respond with the correct color label several times in a row until a mastery criteria is met. Prompting and reinforcement strategies are employed to ensure the student learns and practices the correct response. Once the student reaches criteria for the first color a new color is introduced. Teaching continues in a structured fashion until the student is able to identify all of the colors.

Discrete trial teaching is also used to teach more complex skills while still utilizing the repetition, prompting and reinforcment.

For example, when teaching a child to engage in a play with a car garage, one might first teach sub components of this skill, such as the individual actions that can be done with the car (i.e., pushing the car back and forth, saying “beep beep”). The discrete trial coupled with other behavior strategies (i.e., reinforcement, shaping, prompting) is used to teach the learner to complete sub component skills independently. Once the learner is independently successful the sub components are linked together to enable mastery of the targeted complex and functional skill. Discrete trial teaching is highly effective in teaching communication, play, motor, and daily living skills.